Accession Number : ADA467709


Title :   Why Insurgents Fail: Examining Post-World War II Failed Insurgencies Utilizing the Prerequisites of Successful Insurgencies as a Framework


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA


Personal Author(s) : Zimmerman, Frank H


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a467709.pdf


Report Date : Mar 2007


Pagination or Media Count : 190


Abstract : This thesis identifies five common characteristics of successful post- World War II insurgencies: (1) a cause to fight for, (2) local populace support, (3) weakness in the authority, (4) favorable geographic conditions, and (5) external support during the middle and later stages of an insurgency. This list of characteristics is incomplete for current and future insurgencies and a sixth characteristic, (6) an information advantage, is necessary. For this study, 72 post-World War II insurgencies are identified, of which 11 are classified as failed insurgencies. Of these 11 failed insurgencies, 6 were selected for analysis using the above 6 characteristics of an insurgency in order to determine any trends in their failure. The 6 selected failed insurgencies are: Greek Civil War, Philippines (Huk), Malayan Emergency, Kenya Emergency, Dhofar Rebellion, and Bolivia. This research determined that no one characteristic stands out as the key for defeating an insurgency. Counterinsurgent forces must consider and take into account all 6 characteristics and plan accordingly. It is further determined that 3 of the characteristics: local populace support, external support, and information advantage, must be reduced to a significant disadvantage for an insurgency in order for an insurgency to fail.


Descriptors :   *INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS , *GEOGRAPHY , *COUNTERINSURGENCY , *CIVIL DISTURBANCES , *INSURGENCY , WARFARE , EMERGENCIES , SECOND WORLD WAR , KENYA , BOLIVIA , PHILIPPINES , THESES , POPULATION , EXTERNAL


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Unconventional Warfare


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE