Accession Number : ADA462840
Title : Computational Science: Ensuring America's Competitiveness
Descriptive Note : Research rept.
Corporate Author : PRESIDENT'S INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ADVISORY COMMITTEE ARLINGTON VA
Personal Author(s) : Reed, Daniel A ; Bajcsy, Ruzena ; Fernandez, Manuel A ; Griffiths, Jose-Marie ; Mott, Randall D ; Dongarra, Jack ; Johnson, Chris R ; Inouye, Alan S ; Miner, William ; Matzke, Martha K ; Ponick, Terry L
Report Date : Jun 2005
Pagination or Media Count : 117
Abstract : Computational science is now indispensable to the solution of complex problems in every sector, from traditional science and engineering domains to such key areas as national security, public health, and economic innovation. Advances in computing and connectivity make it possible to develop computational models and capture and analyze unprecedented amounts of experimental and observational data to address problems previously deemed intractable. Yet, despite the great opportunities and needs, universities and the Federal government have not effectively recognized the strategic significance of computational science in either their organizational structures or their research and educational planning. These inadequacies compromise U.S. scientific leadership, economic competitiveness, and national security. Universities and the Federal government's R&D agencies must make coordinated, fundamental, structural changes that affirm the integral role of computational science in addressing the 21st century's most important problems, which are predominantly multidisciplinary, multi-agency, multisector, and collaborative. To initiate the required transformation, the Federal government, in partnership with academia and industry, must also create and execute a multi-decade roadmap directing coordinated advances in computational science and its applications in science and engineering disciplines. The Federal government must rebalance R&D investments to create a new generation of well-engineered, scalable, easy-to-use software suitable for computational science that can reduce the complexity and time to solution for today's challenging scientific applications and can create accurate models and simulations that answer new questions; design, prototype, and evaluate new hardware that can deliver larger fractions of peak hardware performance on key applications; and focus on sensor- and data-intensive computational science applications in light of the explosive growth of data.
Descriptors : *COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION , *SOFTWARE ENGINEERING , *COMPUTATIONS , *COMPUTERS , *PROBLEM SOLVING , *UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT , INDUSTRIES , DEFICIENCIES , COMPUTER APPLICATIONS , SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH , PANEL(COMMITTEE) , ADVISORY ACTIVITIES , COOPERATION , UNIVERSITIES , BARRIERS , MANAGEMENT PLANNING AND CONTROL , INVESTMENTS , LEADERSHIP , DATA MANAGEMENT , EDUCATION , HUMAN RESOURCES
Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
Computer Programming and Software
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE