Accession Number : ADA462528


Title :   Grand Challenges for Disaster Reduction


Corporate Author : EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT WASHINGTON DC NATIONAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY COUNCIL


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a462528.pdf


Report Date : Jun 2005


Pagination or Media Count : 26


Abstract : Despite significant progress in the application of science and technology to disaster reduction, communities are still challenged by disaster preparation, response, and recovery. We have reduced the number of lives lost each year to natural disasters, but the costs of major disasters continue to rise. A primary focus on response and recovery is an impractical and inefficient strategy for dealing with these ongoing threats. Instead, communities must break the cycle of destruction and recovery by enhancing their disaster resilience. The Subcommittee on Disaster Reduction identified four key characteristics of disaster-resilient communities: * Relevant hazards are recognized and understood. * Communities at risk know when a hazard event is imminent. * Individuals at risk are safe from hazards in their homes and places of work. * Disaster-resilient communities experience minimum disruption to life and economy after a hazard event has passed. High-priority science and technology investments, coupled with sound decision-making at all levels, will dramatically enhance community resilience and thus reduce vulnerability. In support of this goal, six Grand Challenges in this report provide a framework for sustained Federal investment in science and technology related to disaster reduction.


Descriptors :   *DISASTERS , *PREVENTION , *PUBLIC SAFETY , UNITED STATES , INFRASTRUCTURE , HAZARDS , PROTECTION


Subject Categories : Safety Engineering
      Civil Defense
      Civil Engineering


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE