Accession Number : ADA462373


Title :   Design of a Premixed Gaseous Rocket Engine Injector for Ethylene and Oxygen


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA


Personal Author(s) : Dausen, David F


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a462373.pdf


Report Date : Dec 2006


Pagination or Media Count : 115


Abstract : A premixed gaseous rocket injector was designed and successfully operated over a limited range of fuel-rich operating conditions for the purpose of soot modeling for ethylene and oxygen mixtures. The injector had the advantage of delivering a homogenous mixture to the combustion chamber, lower soot production, and higher performance potential by removing the fuel atomization process which affects the combustion process and is inherent for non-premixed injectors. The premixed injector was operated at oxygen-fuel ratios from 1.0 to 1.8 with a mass flow of 0.024 kg/sec achieving a chamber pressure of 76 psi without propensity of flashback for 0.032 injector orifices. Increased mass flow rates of 0.027 kg/sec were achieved by increasing the injector orifice diameters to 0.0625 which produced a chamber pressure of 127 psi and a characteristic exhaust velocity efficiency of 90.1%. Flashback was eventually observed at an oxygen-to-fuel ratio of 1.2 where the pressure drop was across the injector was less than 388.6 kPa and the bulk mixture velocity through the injector orifices was approximately 90 m/s. Maintaining bulk velocity sufficiently above this value should prevent flashback from occurring, but will likely need to be characterized for additional orifice diameters and pressure differentials.


Descriptors :   *OXYGEN , *ETHYLENE , *ROCKET ENGINES , *FUEL INJECTORS , SOOT , COMBUSTION CHAMBERS , THESES


Subject Categories : Combustion and Ignition
      Rocket Engines
      Reciprocating and Rotating Engines


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE