Accession Number : ADA461391


Title :   Evaluation of European District Heating Systems for Application to Army Installations in the United States


Descriptive Note : Final rept.


Corporate Author : ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER CHAMPAIGN IL CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING RESEARCH LAB


Personal Author(s) : Zhivov, Alexander M ; Vavrin, John L ; Woody, Alfred ; Fournier, Donald ; Richter, Stephen ; Droste, Daniel ; Paiho, Satu ; Jahn, Jenni ; Kohonen, Reijo


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a461391.pdf


Report Date : Jul 2006


Pagination or Media Count : 245


Abstract : District heating (DH) is much less common in the United States than in Europe, where it is widely accepted as a method for providing safe, efficient, low-cost heating energy to the consumer. This study investigated and evaluated experiences with DH systems in Europe, focusing on systems in Germany and Finland, to offer recommendations for improving U.S. Army DH systems in the Continental United States (CONUS), specifically to evaluate the feasibility and economics of converting existing systems, to reduce heat and water losses, to improve thermal efficiencies, and to reduce the high cost of pipe replacement. This work investigated technical details of energy plant and DH systems, including some U.S. Army and municipal district heating systems in Germany, and recommended that CONUS Army central energy plants be investigated for conversion to cogeneration facilities, with sliding temperature-variable flow of medium/low temperature hot water as a heating source.


Descriptors :   *MILITARY FACILITIES , *EFFICIENCY , *REPLACEMENT , *HEATING PLANTS , THERMAL PROPERTIES , GAS TURBINES , STEAM TURBINES , RADIATORS(HEATING AND COOLING) , FINLAND , ENERGY CONSUMPTION , LOSSES , GERMANY , ENERGY , EUROPE


Subject Categories : Non-electrical Energy Conversion
      Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies
      Air Condition, Heating, Lighting & Ventilating


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE