Accession Number : ADA458175


Title :   Spectrum 101: An Introduction to Spectrum Management


Descriptive Note : Technical rept.


Corporate Author : MITRE CORP MCLEAN VA WASHINGTON C3I DIV


Personal Author(s) : Stine, John A ; Portigal, David L


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a458175.pdf


Report Date : Mar 2004


Pagination or Media Count : 220


Abstract : In the past, the availability of spectrum was a minor issue for the Department of Defense (DoD), as there was ample spectrum access to meet its needs. However, today, new technologies, the needs of other users, and the proliferation of wireless technologies worldwide have made maintaining even current spectrum allocations difficult. New, exciting wireless communication products are creating a large demand for spectrum. Wireless subscriber services are growing rapidly worldwide. Emerging countries are choosing to deploy wireless infrastructure in lieu of wired infrastructure since it costs less. All of these factors make a more competitive environment for worldwide spectrum access. As the recent operations in Afghanistan and Iraq can attest, the DoD achieves much of its military capability from exploiting technology, especially information technology. Military capability is dependent on spectrum availability and the current military transformation will make it more dependent in the future. Unless the DoD manages spectrum smartly it will forfeit its potential capability. This paper has been written to provide an introduction to Spectrum Management with a DoD perspective. It assumes an audience that is unfamiliar with radio communications theory, with the current allocation and use of spectrum, and with the processes involved in managing spectrum. It begins by providing an introduction to basic concepts in radio communications theory to build the novice's intuition so that he/she might subsequently understand the rationale for the current allocations and the methods for managing spectrum. It attempts to give a historical record of how these processes and allocations came to be. It describes the current spectrum management process to include the major players and the procedures they use to make decisions. Finally, it gives a brief introduction to some new technologies that are being introduced and their ramifications on the spectrum management process.


Descriptors :   *DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE , *MANAGEMENT PLANNING AND CONTROL , *ACCESS , *BANDWIDTH , *WIRELESS LINKS , *RADIOFREQUENCY , *ALLOCATIONS , MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES) , REGULATIONS , TRANSFORMATIONS , RADIO TRANSMISSION , TELECOMMUNICATIONS , RESOURCE MANAGEMENT , HISTORY , AVAILABILITY , COMPETITION


Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Military Forces and Organizations
      Radiofrequency Wave Propagation
      Radio Communications


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE