Accession Number : ADA453441


Title :   The Inherent Visible Light Signature of an Intense Underwater Ultraviolet Light Source Due to Combined Raman and Fluorescence Effects


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : PHYSICAL SCIENCES INC ANDOVER MA


Personal Author(s) : Mazel, Charles H ; Kalata-Olson, Jody ; Pham, Chuong


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a453441.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2000


Pagination or Media Count : 12


Abstract : We investigated the utility of a portable, intense source of ultraviolet light for diver use in support of Very Shallow Water operations. The working hypothesis was that the light would be of use to divers at short-to-medium ranges (up to several meters) while remaining invisible to surface observers due to the inherent insensitivity of the human eye to ultraviolet light. The light source contained an arc discharge lamp rich in short wavelengths and was fitted with a filter that transmitted only the near ultraviolet portion of the spectrum. In-water tests were made in darkness using Navy divers both in a natural coastal environment and in a test tank. It was found that the light was of limited utility to the divers. In addition, the light was not covert because of a bluish-white glow associated with the ultraviolet beam. Subsequent measurements demonstrated that the visible glow was produced by a combination of fluorescence of dissolved organic matter in the water and Raman scatter from the water itself. The relative importance of the two factors varied with water type. These two effects that transform light from the invisible to the visible impose inherent limitations on the use of ultraviolet light for covert operations.


Descriptors :   *FLUORESCENCE , *SHALLOW WATER , *LIGHT SOURCES , *SHORT WAVELENGTHS , *ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION , SCATTERING , ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION , VISIBILITY , SIGNATURES , BEAMS(RADIATION) , NEAR ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION , RAMAN SPECTRA , DISSOLVING , DIVERS , HYPOTHESES , COVERT OPERATIONS , ORGANIC MATERIALS , DARKNESS , INTENSITY , NAVAL PERSONNEL , COASTAL REGIONS


Subject Categories : Optics
      Radiofrequency Wave Propagation


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE