Accession Number : ADA449739


Title :   Using Value-Focused Thinking to Evaluate the Practicality of Porous Pavement Parking Areas on Air Force Installations


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT


Personal Author(s) : Bulson, Christopher D


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a449739.pdf


Report Date : Mar 2006


Pagination or Media Count : 117


Abstract : Natural runoff processes have been altered by urban development; impervious surfaces (rooftops, highways, parking areas) and their associated storm water systems channel runoff from a vast area into one concentrated outflow. This storm water runoff can cause erosion, flooding, landslides, and significant damage to aquatic ecosystems. Runoff from highways and parking areas has also been known to contain high levels of suspended solids, heavy metals and hydrocarbons. Porous pavements allow infiltration of water through typically impervious surfaces, reducing storm water volumes and acting as a pollutant filtration system. Since there is currently no methodology for Air Force decision-makers to compare conventional and porous pavements, a model was created using Value-Focused Thinking (VFT) to evaluate different paving options. Four porous paving alternatives were compared against two conventional paving alternatives at three separate geographic locations. These alternatives were scored using a total of 12 evaluation measures that were identified as important to the pavement selection process. Structural turf was found to be the best option for northern tier locations, while conventional asphalt was the best choice for central and southern areas. VFT was also shown to be an effective methodology for comparing conventional and porous paving alternatives, objectively weighing economic costs against environmental considerations.


Descriptors :   *METHODOLOGY , *COMPARISON , *PAVEMENTS , *PARKING FACILITIES , THESES , COSTS , ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT , SURFACE WATERS , AIR FORCE FACILITIES , RUNOFF , POROUS MATERIALS , FILTRATION


Subject Categories : Civil Engineering
      Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods
      Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies
      Water Pollution and Control


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE