Accession Number : ADA446853


Title :   Extending the Season for Concrete Construction and Repair. Phase II - Defining Engineering Parameters


Descriptive Note : Final rept.


Corporate Author : ENGINEERING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER HANOVER NH COLD REGIONS RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING LAB


Personal Author(s) : Korhonen, Charles J


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a446853.pdf


Report Date : Apr 2006


Pagination or Media Count : 74


Abstract : The Phase I study, conducted prior to the work reported herein, developed the tools to design, mix, place, and cure concrete in cold weather made with various combinations of commercial admixtures. The admixtures helped to protect concrete and maintain productivity, even when the temperature of concrete falls to 5 C soon after mixing. Phase II addressed the effect of high doses of the chemical admixtures studied in Phase I. The primary finding from Phase I that led to this study was that admixtures, when used in moderate dosages, seemed improve the freeze thaw durability of concrete. Phase II found what appears to be a maximum dosage after which freeze thaw durability becomes a concern. That is because cement hydration can only create a finite amount of space to absorb these chemicals. Thus, for freeze protection, admixture dosages should be designed according to water content as specified in Phase I, while, for freeze thaw durability, admixture dosages should be dictated by cement content. When using both considerations, the freeze-protection limit for enhanced freeze thaw durable concrete can be lower than the 5 C limit set in Phase I.


Descriptors :   *CONCRETE , *REPAIR , *FREEZING , *SEASONS , *COLD WEATHER , PARAMETERS , CONSTRUCTION , HYDRATION , PRODUCTIVITY , ADDITIVES , MOISTURE CONTENT , MIXTURES , CEMENTS


Subject Categories : Meteorology
      Physical Chemistry
      Ceramics, Refractories and Glass


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE