Accession Number : ADA446305


Title :   Iraqi Perspectives Project. A View of Operation Iraqi Freedom from Saddam's Senior Leadership


Corporate Author : UNITED STATES JOINT FORCES COMMAND NORFOLK VA


Personal Author(s) : Woods, Kevin M ; Pease, Michael R ; Stout, Mark E ; Murray, Williamson ; Lacey, James G


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a446305.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2006


Pagination or Media Count : 221


Abstract : Iraq's response to the Coalition's military threat was dictated by the nature of the regime and of Saddam Hussein himself. While to Western eyes the choices Iraq made may appear dysfunctional or even absurd, the regime's responses to the threat and then the invasion were logical within the Iraqi political framework, even if later proven to be counterproductive. Saddam may have been, to a large extent, ignorant of the external world; he was, however, a student of his own nation's history and culture. Thus, the Iraqi response to threats and the invasion of Coalition forces was a function of how Saddam and his minions understood their own world, a world that looked nothing like the assessments of Western analysts. As the massive buildup of coalition forces proceeded in 2002 and early 2003, two major assumptions governed Saddam's preparations. The first assumption was that the greatest danger the regime faced was an internal coup. In fact, Iraq's national history is littered with military coup attempts with one following another in dreary progression. Even Saddam's Ba'ath Party saw its first try at seizing power in the early 1960's collapse under the hammer blow of a military coup that overthrew the first efforts of the Ba'ath party to mold Iraq in accordance with its ideology. In response to the catastrophic defeat of Arab armies by Israel in the Six Day War, another military coup ushered the Ba'ath return to power on July 17, 1968, with Saddam as one of its leading players. Saddam and his colleagues were determined that this time the military would not overthrow their new Ba'ath regime, and created a multitude of secret police organizations to ensure the unswerving loyalty of the population. These secret agencies immediately proceeded to infiltrate the military in order to ensure its loyalty.


Descriptors :   *MILITARY OPERATIONS , *IRAQ , *LEADERSHIP , *POLITICAL PARTIES , TEST AND EVALUATION , ISRAEL , ARABS , THREATS , RESPONSE , HISTORY , ANALYSTS , POLICE , ARMY , JOINT MILITARY ACTIVITIES , POPULATION , MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) , PREPARATION , ORGANIZATIONS , WARFARE , GLOBAL


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE