Accession Number : ADA444341
Title : Biomechanics of Spider Silks
Descriptive Note : Final rept.
Corporate Author : OXFORD UNIV (UNITED KINGDOM) DEPT OF ZOOLOGY
Personal Author(s) : Vollrath, Fritz
Report Date : 02 Mar 2006
Pagination or Media Count : 31
Abstract : This project aims to gain a fuller understanding of the relationship between processing, structure and mechanical properties of selected spider and silkworm silks. This goal will be pursued by inducing spiders and silkworms to produce threads under a range of controlled processing conditions. The mechanical properties of these fibres will be determined by analysing (again under highly controlled conditions e.g. temperature, humidity) the mechanical behaviour of single filaments under simple stress-strain regimes as well as for cyclic deformation, creep and stress relaxation. These experiments will provide data on the stress-strain relationships of the whole fibre. Some individual components of the fibre fine-structure under loading will be further investigated using a combination of micro-Raman spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction. The mechanical data combined with data on fibre structure will serve to develop and test a battery of specific models for the silks under examination. These models must account for the relative importance of the different hierarchical structural levels for the mechanical properties of silks, to-date no such models exist. Initially these models will be encompassing, as the silks we are studying differ in molecular structure as well as production system. The results of this study will be invaluable not only for understanding native silks but also for the design and spinning (be it biomimetic or traditional) of improved synthetic silk- analogue polymers.
Descriptors : *FIBERS , *MECHANICAL PROPERTIES , *SILK , *STRUCTURAL PROPERTIES , *SPIDERS , *LEPIDOPTERA , STRESS STRAIN RELATIONS , DATA BASES , RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY , UNITED KINGDOM , STRESS RELAXATION , DEFORMATION , X RAY DIFFRACTION , CREEP , MOLECULAR STRUCTURE , BEHAVIOR , HUMIDITY
Subject Categories : Biology
Properties of Metals and Alloys
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE