Accession Number : ADA435872


Title :   Decreased Migration of Langerhans Precursor-Like Cells in Response to Human Keratinocytes Expressing HPV-16 E6/E7 is Related to Reduced Macrophage Inflammatory Protein-3Alpha Production


Corporate Author : ROCHESTER UNIV NY DEPT OF MICROBIOLOGY


Personal Author(s) : Guess, Jennifer C ; McCance, Dennis J


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a435872.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2005


Pagination or Media Count : 48


Abstract : Infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) types, particularly type 16 and 18, contributes to 90% of cervical cancer cases. HPV infects cutaneous or mucosal epithelium, tissue that is monitored for microbial infection or damage by Langerhans cells. In lesions produced by HPV type 16, there is a reduction in immune cells, especially Langerhans cells. Langerhans precursor cells selectively express CCR6, the receptor for macrophage inflammatory protein 3alpha (MI-P3alpha), and function as potent immune responders to inflamed epithelium and initiators of the innate immune response. It has been reported that E6 and E7 of high-risk HPVs interfere with immune mediators in order to suppress the recruitment of immune cells and antiviral activities of infected cells. Here we show that HPV-16 E6 and E7 inhibit MIP-3alpha transcription resulting in suppression of the migration of immature Langerhans precursor cells. Interestingly, the E6 and E7 proteins from the low-risk HPV types also inhibited MI-P3alpha transcription. These results suggest that one mechanism by which HPV-infected cells suppress the immune response may be through the inhibition of a vital alert signal, thus, contributing to the persistence of HPV infection.


Descriptors :   *MIGRATION , *IMMUNITY , *CELLS(BIOLOGY) , *MACROPHAGES , EPITHELIUM , PROTEINS , CANCER , TRANSCRIPTION(GENETICS)


Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Microbiology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE