Accession Number : ADA432576


Title :   Science and Technology Metrics


Corporate Author : OFFICE OF NAVAL RESEARCH ARLINGTON VA


Personal Author(s) : Kostoff, Ronald N


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a432576.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2005


Pagination or Media Count : 979


Abstract : This document describes the rationale for, and implementation of, the expanded use of the proper metrics in the evaluation of science and technology (S&T). The document starts with an Executive Overview and Conclusions regarding the application of metrics to the entire S&T development cycle, including its key role in setting incentives for S&T development. Then, after describing how the evolution of S&T has influenced the present burgeoning interest in quantitative S&T metrics, this monograph defines different types of S&T metrics, followed by the main principles of high quality metrics-based S&T evaluations. After a broad overview of quantitative approaches to research assessment, the document focuses on the main approaches of bibliometrics and econometrics, including a novel section on bibliometric collaboration indicators. It then describes the bibliometrics-related family of approaches known as co-occurrence phenomena, describes a network modeling approach to quantifying research impacts, and ends the main text body with a description of a metrics-based expert systems approach for supporting research assessment. There are a substantial number of Appendices that make the present document essentially a self-contained monograph. Appendix 12 contains extensive data describing the infrastructure of the S&T metrics literature (including the seminal documents in S&T metrics), and it is followed by a very extensive Bibliography that contains over 7500 key references in S&T metrics. The Bibliography includes both those specific references identified in the body of this document's text, and suggestions for further reading in this broad technical area.


Descriptors :   *ACCOUNTABILITY , *COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS , *TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT , *SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH , QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS , MODEL THEORY , BIBLIOGRAPHIES , SELF CONTAINED , ALLOCATIONS , EXPERT SYSTEMS , RESOURCE MANAGEMENT , RESEARCH MANAGEMENT , ECONOMETRICS , QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS , SOCIOMETRICS , SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE


Subject Categories : Information Science
      Economics and Cost Analysis
      Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods
      Administration and Management


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE