Accession Number : ADA430690


Title :   Effect of Acetonitrile on RDX Biodegradation in an Unsaturated Surface Soil


Descriptive Note : Technical rept.


Corporate Author : ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER HANOVER NH COLD REGIONS RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING LAB


Personal Author(s) : Ringelberg, David B ; Reynolds, Charles M ; Perry, Lawrence B ; Foley, Karen L


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a430690.pdf


Report Date : Mar 2005


Pagination or Media Count : 19


Abstract : In previous work, we documented the biodegradation of hexahydro-1,3,5- trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) in an unsaturated cold-region surface soil and showed that acetonitrile (ACN) could inhibit RDX removal rates when used as a dispersant for the contaminant. Here, we document that the added ACN had an effect on microbial community development in the RDX-contaminated soil. In the absence of ACN, the soils showed a striking increase in microbial biomass and in biomarkers indicative of microfauna. A four-fold increase in the phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) biomarkers 18:2w6 and 20:4w6 (approximately 4-16 mol %) coincided with a greater than two-fold increase in total microbial biomass (approximately 15-35 nmol g(-1) PLFA). In the presence of ACN (1% aqueous concentration), these increases were not observed. The ACN-free soils also showed a significant decrease in PLFA biomarkers for Gram-negative bacteria (i.e., approximately 15 mol% decrease in w7 monounsaturated PLFA). This decrease was not observed in soils amended with 1% ACN. We concluded that the organic solvent interfered with microbial community development, specifically the trophic interaction between free-living protozoa and Gram-negative bacteria. Since the addition of 1% ACN increased the half-life for RDX from 29 to 48 days, the trophic interaction may be a necessary component in the development of an RDX-biodegrading microbial community.


Descriptors :   *ACETONITRILE , *SOIL MECHANICS , *RDX , BIODEGRADATION , MICROORGANISMS , GRAM NEGATIVE BACTERIA , FATTY ACIDS , PHOSPHOLIPIDS


Subject Categories : Organic Chemistry
      Soil Mechanics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE