Accession Number : ADA425411


Title :   The Future of Secular Turkey


Descriptive Note : Research paper


Corporate Author : AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL


Personal Author(s) : Mayo, David A


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a425411.pdf


Report Date : Mar 1997


Pagination or Media Count : 55


Abstract : This research paper is a study of the prospects of a secular state developing in Turkey since the Refah Party, an Islamist party, has come to lead a coalition government with the secular True Path Party. The origins of the secular Turkish state will be examined to determine how the state imposed itself above Islam, and subjugated a religion that does not recognize a division between the ulema, the Islamic religious leaders, and the state. The research will explore how Turkish Islamism survived and evolved to allow the Refah Party to represent Turkish Islamist interests. The ideology and practice of the Refah Party also will be explored to determine its orientation and meaning in Turkish politics. The answer will either soothe or intensify the fears of the West over the resurgence of Islam in the political realm. The burning question is whether Refah's fundamentalist elements should cause the West to be overly concerned about recent events that point to the Islamists' desire to align Turkey more with its Eastern neighbors. Solutions as well as probable outcomes will be proposed to the difficulties the Refah Party will face in consolidating power, and the possibilities of it eroding the secular state's control over society and the government. (35 refs.)


Descriptors :   *GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , *ISLAM , *TURKEY , *POLITICAL PARTIES , *DEMOCRACY , MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) , HISTORY , FEAR , WESTERN SECURITY(INTERNATIONAL) , EAST WEST RELATIONS


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Humanities and History


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE