Accession Number : ADA425043


Title :   Personnel Recovery Operations for Special Operations Forces in Urban Environments: Modeling Successful Overt and Clandestine Methods of Recovery


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA


Personal Author(s) : Ecklund, Marshall V ; McNerney, Michael A


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a425043.pdf


Report Date : Jun 2004


Pagination or Media Count : 217


Abstract : This thesis presents two prescriptive models for approaching challenges to special operations forces with regard to personnel recovery (PR) in an urban environment. It begins by developing a model for overt recovery methods using McRaven's model of Special Operations as the foundation. This model is then tested against three different case studies from operations in Mogadishu, Somalia in 1993. The original six principles proposed by McRaven are complimented with four newly prescribed principles that account for the interactions of the isolated personnel. The first case study is Task Force Ranger's organic recovery attempt conducted 3-4 October 1993 during Operation Gothic Serpent. The second case study is that of the recovery of a UH-60 crew shot down on 25 September 1993, and the third is the Tiger Company's recovery of the Quick Reaction Force Lost Platoon on 4 October 1993. In all overt case studies, the authors conducted interviews with most key participants and decision-makers, and all leaders personally involved with the recovery. Following this analysis, a nonconventional assisted recovery (NAR) model is presented for clandestine personnel recovery methods. This model borrows the relative superiority concept from McRaven's theory, but proposes six different principles. The model is evaluated using three case studies, one from the French theater of operations during World War II, another from the Korean War, and the third from Operation Iraqi Freedom. These cases support the idea that, while the urban operational environment may vary across time and space, the principles supporting successful personnel recovery operations endure. (28 figures, 72 refs.)


Descriptors :   *MILITARY PERSONNEL , *RECOVERY , *STRATEGY , *SEARCH AND RESCUE , *URBAN AREAS , *SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES , MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES) , MILITARY HISTORY , THEATER LEVEL OPERATIONS , LESSONS LEARNED , ISOLATION , THESES , CASE STUDIES , COVERT OPERATIONS , SOMALIA , URBAN WARFARE , KOREAN WAR , SECOND WORLD WAR , SITUATIONAL AWARENESS


Subject Categories : Humanities and History
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
      Escape, Rescue and Survival


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE