Accession Number : ADA424564


Title :   Plan Colombia: How U.S. Military Assistance Affects Regional Balances of Powers


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA


Personal Author(s) : Pina, Omar


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a424564.pdf


Report Date : Jun 2004


Pagination or Media Count : 103


Abstract : Scholars are usually attracted to South America because of the characterization of this zone of the Western Hemisphere as a zone with a long peace. However almost 200 years after achieving independence from Spain and Portugal some countries are still facing unsolved territorial and boundary disputes. Thus the purpose of this thesis is to assess the importance the balance of power has in the inter-state relationships in the Western Hemisphere. This thesis argues that Plan Colombia is creating an imbalance of military power between Colombia and Venezuela and this balance is important to their relations. Three possible explanations are used to explore the relations between these two countries which are democratic peace balance of power and spiral model. The major conclusion of this thesis is that the implementation of U.S. policy in the region is creating an imbalance of power and that the situation could lead the unbalanced country to increase military capabilities. The long history of misperceptions of the capabilities and intentions of the adversary could provide the dynamics that might trigger a war. Therefore this U.S. policy is likely to increase tensions and instability in the dyad.


Descriptors :   *INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS , *BALANCE OF POWER , *COLOMBIA , *VENEZUELA , MILITARY ASSISTANCE , PEACETIME , GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , THESES , SPAIN , LATIN AMERICA , SOUTH AMERICA , DEMOCRACY , PORTUGAL


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE