Accession Number : ADA415959


Title :   Bone-97 Alcohol and Skeletal Adaptation to Mechanical Usage


Descriptive Note : Final rept. 15 Mar 2000-14 Mar 2003


Corporate Author : MAYO CLINIC ROCHESTER MN


Personal Author(s) : Turner, Russel


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a415959.pdf


Report Date : Oct 2002


Pagination or Media Count : 178


Abstract : Using a novel expression cloning strategy and secondary functional screen of a human prostate cancer cDNA library, we have identified one new, functionally relevant caspase substrate: the mismatch repair protein MLH1 implicated in a variety of cancers including those of the prostate. We have demonstrated that human MLH1 is specifically cleaved by caspase-3 (but not by other caspases) at Asp(exp 418) in vitro. Furthermore, we have shown that MLH1 is rapidly proteolyzed by caspase-3 in prostate cancer cells induced to undergo apoptosis by treatment with TNF-related apoptotosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) or the topoisomerase II inhibitor etoposide, which induces DNA double-strand breaks. Importantly, proteolysis of MLH1 by caspase-3 triggers its partial redistribution from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. In addition, a capase-3 cleavage-resistant D418E MLH1 mutant inhibits etoposide-induced apoptosis but has little effect on TRAIL-induced apoptosis. These results indicate that MLH1 is specifically targeted for proteolysis by caspase-3, and this proteolytic event promotes the execution of apoptotic signals initiated by DNA double-strand breaks. In this way, our results suggest a novel function of MLH1 in the response to DNA double-strand breaks that is deregulated by caspase proteolysis. These experiments, then, may lead to novel treatments for prostate cancer that specifically target MLH1.


Descriptors :   *DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACIDS , *GENETIC ENGINEERING , *SKELETON , *PROSTATE CANCER , STRATEGY , DISTRIBUTION , HUMANS , SUBSTRATES , IN VITRO ANALYSIS , CLONES , ADAPTATION , CELLS(BIOLOGY) , PEPTIDE HYDROLASES


Subject Categories : Genetic Engineering and Molecular Biology
      Medicine and Medical Research


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE