Accession Number : ADA411833


Title :   Inviting In the Private Sector


Descriptive Note : Testimony


Corporate Author : RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA


Personal Author(s) : Klitgaard, Robert


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a411833.pdf


Report Date : Oct 2002


Pagination or Media Count : 5


Abstract : This report concerns efforts to fight global corruption. One part of the unfinished agenda in the international fight against corruption is how to invite in the private sector. After all, corruption does not just involve government. Business people and lawyers and citizens pay the bribes, even as they condemn bribery. They should be invited to become part of the solution. But how? The first point to note is that business people and citizens know where corruption exists and how corrupt systems work. Citizens understand how bribery shapes the services they receive or don't receive. Accountants know the illicit games played with audits and taxes. Lawyers understand corrupt legal practices. Business people know all about corrupt systems of procurement and contracting. But there is a second point: they know, but they can't say, at least not publicly. In many countries, if an individual stands up to denounce a corrupt system, he or she will be attacked by it. So, the trick is how to learn what people know about corruption without asking them to commit suicide. Please consider this idea. With the leadership of the American government and our private sector, other countries are invited to join in an international effort. Together we pick three areas that are particularly prone to corruption, such as procurement, pharmaceuticals, and the police. In each country, people in the private sector are asked in confidential interviews how corrupt systems work, but not about specific individuals. The results of many such interviews becomes a diagnostic of each area. What is the informal process, how extensive is the corruption, how does it work, how do its perpetrators avoid detection or prosecution? - Using the diagnostic, improvements are sought. How can formal systems be strengthened? How can corrupt systems be subverted? Answers are developed through cooperation between government and the private sector. Reforms follow.


Descriptors :   *LAW ENFORCEMENT , *BRIBERY , UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT , DETECTION , LEADERSHIP , CORPORATIONS , PROCUREMENT , SALARIES , DRUGS , CIVIL AFFAIRS , POLICE , TAXES , AUDITING , CRIMINOLOGY


Subject Categories : Sociology and Law


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE