Accession Number : ADA408064


Title :   Cultural Resources Phase I Survey for the Osborne Creek Environmental Restoration Project, Prentiss County, Mississippi


Descriptive Note : Final rept. 21-25 Jan 2002, Phase 1


Corporate Author : BROCKINGTON AND ASSOCIATES ATLANTA GA


Personal Author(s) : Olvey, Whitney ; Butler, C S


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a408064.pdf


Report Date : Jan 2002


Pagination or Media Count : 102


Abstract : From 21 to 25 January 2002, Brockington and Associates, Inc., conducted an intensive Phase I cultural resources survey of the Osborne Creek Project Corridor in Prentiss County, Mississippi. The project corridor parallels both sides of Osborne Creek between Wheeler Road and Mississippi Highway 362 and includes a total of approximately 2.6 km (1.6 mi). The project was carried out under contract with the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Mobile District, in compliance with Section 404 of the Clean Water Act of 1976, as amended and Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act During field survey, we recorded three archaeological sites, 22PS603, 22PS604, and 22PS605 adjacent to Osborne Creek. All three sites are describe as prehistoric artifact scatters. Collected materials include lithics from all stages of reduction, several tools, animal bone fragments, red ochre, an a few ceramic sherds. All artifacts were recovered from the ground surface within a fallow cornfield (22PS603), a personal garden plot (22PS604), an a fallow cotton field (22PS605). No positive shovel tests were excavated. However, due to the recent flooding of the area combined with the clayey nature of the local sediments, shovel testing was not an effective method for assessing the vertical deposits of the sites. The three archaeological site we recorded, 22PS603, 22PS604, and 22PS605, are recommended potentially eligible for the NRHP based on the quantity of observed artifacts, the presence of prehistoric tools and the sites' current submerged setting. It is possible that these sites contain intact buried deposits that may contribute to our knowledge of the prehistoric occupation of the area. Additional archaeological testing, during the dry season, is therefore recommended to sufficiently assess these sites.


Descriptors :   *RESOURCE MANAGEMENT , *ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT , *HISTORIC SITES , *CULTURAL RESOURCES , *INSTALLATION RESTORATION , FIELD TESTS , TOPOGRAPHY , MOISTURE CONTENT , ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT , SURVEYS , ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS , BURIED OBJECTS , ARCHEOLOGY , ARTIFACTS , ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION , FLOODING , WILDLIFE , SEDIMENTS , FIELD CONDITIONS , STREAMS , MISSISSIPPI


Subject Categories : Humanities and History
      Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE