Accession Number : ADA406683


Title :   Deflagration to Detonation Transition Processes in Pulsed Detonation Engines


Descriptive Note : Final rept. 29 mAug 2000-29 Aug 2001


Corporate Author : IMPERIAL COLL CONSULTANTS LTD LONDON (UNITED KINGDOM)


Personal Author(s) : Lindstedt, R P


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a406683.pdf


Report Date : 03 Aug 2002


Pagination or Media Count : 39


Abstract : The aim of the work performed in the current contract is to assess the accuracy of potential modelling techniques applied to the formation of Deflagration to Detonation (DDT) kernels in mixtures of hydrocarbons with air. The application area is of direct relevance to the transition to detonation in pulsed detonation engines featuring premixed gases. The latter technology is currently pursued at Wright Laboratories and the current evaluation is directly linked to this technology. Key aspects covered include guidance on suitable theoretical development directions and a preliminary investigation of optimal conditions for transition to detonation. The work is technically demanding and features several aspects that has not previously been accomplished. The main conclusions of the study are perhaps surprisingly positive. The work does show, for the first time, that the application of higher moment closures to model the initial onset of DDT is technically possible. Furthermore, the work illustrates that two physical limits on the chemical source term closure does in most cases bracket the experimental data. It is also shown that the transported PDF approach can be successfully applied to the modelling of premixed turbulent flames with scalar spaces of sufficient size to model auto-ignition type phenomena. It is also evident from the current work that the modelling of explosion kernels in pre-existing turbulence fields is very sensitive to both the details of the injection process and to the chemical source term closure. The present work does lay the foundations and also indicates the directions for further studies.


Descriptors :   *COMBUSTION , TURBULENCE , RAMJET ENGINES , PULSES , HYDROCARBONS , THERMOCHEMISTRY , IGNITION , SCALAR FUNCTIONS , DETONATION WAVES , DEFLAGRATION , UNITED KINGDOM


Subject Categories : Combustion and Ignition
      Jet and Gas Turbine Engines


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE