Accession Number : ADA394032


Title :   The Cinderella Front: Allied Special Air Operations in Yugoslavia during World War II


Descriptive Note : Research paper


Corporate Author : AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLL MAXWELL AFB AL


Personal Author(s) : Freeman, Paul J


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a394032.pdf


Report Date : 01 Mar 1997


Pagination or Media Count : 56


Abstract : This research paper examines how special operations were conducted in Yugoslavia during WW II; how did the operational art conducted fit into Allied grand strategy; and how effective were these operations? These operations were conducted using multinational, coalition forces, and for this reason the lessons from this examination are relevant to warriors today. Conducting military operations almost always involve a scarcity of forces. This scarcity forces difficult decisions in development of strategic goals and conduct of operations. This difficulty is further compounded when coalition forces involve multiple nations, each with their own priorities. This is the situation that existed in WW II. The US wanted a concentrated invasion of NW Europe, while Britain and Russia were interested in a multi-front battle of attrition against the Axis, featuring a Balkan invasion. There were inadequate forces to commit to an invasion of the Balkans, but there was an opportunity to divert Axis strength from other fronts. This paper will look at Allied operations in Yugoslavia (typical Balkan operations) and analyze: 1.) the unique contextual factors influencing special operations in the Balkans during WW II, 2.) operational art factors of this unconventional employment of airpower in the politically divided region, and 3.) the success and/or failure of military planners and commanders in deriving military from strategic objectives and in attaining these objectives.


Descriptors :   *AERIAL WARFARE , *JOINT MILITARY ACTIVITIES , *YUGOSLAVIA , *SECOND WORLD WAR , MILITARY HISTORY , LESSONS LEARNED , AIR POWER


Subject Categories : Military Aircraft Operations
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE