Accession Number : ADA376950
Title : The Effects of 60 Days of Tray Ration Consumption in Marine Combat Engineers While Deployed on Great Inagua Island, Bahamas.
Descriptive Note : Technical rept.
Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE NATICK MA
Personal Author(s) : THARION, WILLIAM J ; BAKER-FULCO, CAROL J ; MCGRAW, SUSAN ; JOHNSON, WENDY K ; Niro, PHIL
Report Date : Jan 2000
Pagination or Media Count : 242
Abstract : This study evaluated the ability of the Tray Pack Rations Ration) to adequately sustain Marines, without causing excessive weight loss and/or gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, during a 60-day Marine construction mission. Volunteers (n = 35) were randomly assigned to receive either 2 T Ration meals (breakfast and dinner) and 1 Meal, Ready-to-Eat (MRE) (T group), or 2 B Ration meals and 1 MRE (B group). Volunteers (n = 19) in the T group (all with a rank of E-4 or below), but none in the B group, dropped for food related reasons Seventeen volunteers in the T group and 34 in the B group finished the study and remained in their assigned group. Measures obtained were dietary intakes, ration acceptability, and energy expenditure (n = 15) determined by doubly-labeled water, subjective GI symptoms and mood states, physical performance and weekly body weights. Neither group reported GI symptoms. The type of ration did not affect sleep, mood or physical performance. Weight losses, which did not significantly differ between ration groups, exceeded the 3% criterion by Day 56. Both groups were in negative energy balance. However, in comparison to administrative personnel and construction engineers in the B group, Construction engineers in the T group experienced the greatest energy deficit (-950 kcal/day). Mean nutrient intakes of the T group did not meet the Military Recommended Dietary Allowances for energy, folate, magnesium, and zinc and also did not achieve the dietary recommendations for carbohydrate and dietary fiber. Relative to the B group, the; T group consumed significantly less energy, carbohydrate, protein, dietary fiber, vitamin A, folate, thiamin, vitamin C, magnesium, and phosphorus. T Ration entrees were initially acceptable, but their ratings declined to dislike after repeated exposure.
Descriptors : *SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS , *NUTRIENTS , *MEALS , *ENERGY CONSUMPTION , *WEIGHT REDUCTION , *GASTROINTESTINAL DISEASES , *FOOD CONSUMPTION , *MILITARY RATIONS , *INGESTION(PHYSIOLOGY) , *MARINE ENGINEERS , MAGNESIUM , FIBERS , PERFORMANCE(HUMAN) , PROTEINS , CONSTRUCTION , DEFICIENCIES , ZINC , CONSUMPTION , ADMINISTRATIVE PERSONNEL , MARINE CORPS PERSONNEL , PHOSPHORUS , CARBOHYDRATES , DIET , ACCEPTABILITY , BODY WEIGHT , SLEEP , MILITARY ENGINEERS , ASCORBIC ACID , THIAMINES
Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
Food, Food Service and Nutrition
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE