Accession Number : ADA373773


Title :   U.S. Government Funding of Cooperative Research and Development in North America,


Corporate Author : RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA


Personal Author(s) : Wagner, Caroline S ; Berstein, Nurith


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a373773.pdf


Report Date : Jan 1999


Pagination or Media Count : 63


Abstract : The U.S. government funds cooperative R&D projects in and with counterparts in Canada and Mexico. Since 1993, U.S. government agencies have spent more than $100 million a year on projects involving cooperation with Canada and/or Mexico. A variety of motives and missions drive this investment. The activities funded have been focused primarily on common interests and problems in environmental, agricultural, and earth sciences, as well as on biomedical and genetic research. Formal collaboration puts Canada and Mexico among the U.S. government's top 10 binational R&D partners. (Wagner, 1997, pp. 17-19.) Funds for collaborative activities with Canada and Mexico, with a few exceptions, are not set aside specifically for this purpose. Collaboration with our neighbors arises in two ways: One, when a U.S. government agency determines that a joint project is in the interests of the mission needs of that agency, such as a Department of Agriculture study of forest monitoring project at the borders, and two, when a U.S. government funded researcher identifies a partner in Canada or Mexico with whom collaboration would be in the interests of a scientific inquiry, such as a comparison by university based biomedical researchers of the efficacy of heart bypass surgery. The benefits of collaboration are determined at the program or researcher level and are generally based upon a need to access data or natural resources or otherwise to link to excellent research taking place in Canada or Mexico.


Descriptors :   *AGREEMENTS , *RESEARCH MANAGEMENT , *BENEFITS , GOVERNMENT PROCUREMENT , NATURAL RESOURCES , COMPARISON , MISSIONS , UNIVERSITIES , MEDICAL RESEARCH , AGRICULTURE , GENETICS , BIOMEDICINE , FORESTS , NORTH AMERICA , EARTH SCIENCES


Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Economics and Cost Analysis


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE