Accession Number : ADA361885
Title : Female Reproductive Effects of Exposure to Jet Fuel at U.S. Air Force Bases
Descriptive Note : Annual rept. 15 Oct 97-14 Oct 98
Corporate Author : CINCINNATI UNIV OH
Personal Author(s) : Lemasters, Grace K.
Report Date : NOV 1998
Pagination or Media Count : 38
Abstract : One of the most prevalent exposures at all Air Force (AF) bases is to jet fuel. Total consumption ranks in the billions of gallons. Jet fuel is composed of aliphatic/aromatic hydrocarbons and traces of metals that have potential adverse effects on health including menstrual disorders, infertility, spontaneous abortions, and fetal effects. The mean age of active enlisted female Air Force personnel is 27.6. This study addresses whether or not women are experiencing menstrual systems related to their work place from fuel exposures. This study evaluates environmental and internal dose measurements of jet fuel components during the course of each woman's usual work activities. Great strides have been made thus far. The number of women in pertinent job activities at each base has been identified and base commanders have received letters of request. Ten bases, thus far, have agreed to participate and have been visited. We have enrolled 165 women into the study. This team also developed and refined a new technique to measure internal dose levels. Specifically, the breath data indicates concentrations of toluene and the xylenes to range in concentrations between 10 and over 100 ppb.
Descriptors : *AIR FORCE PERSONNEL , *EXPOSURE(PHYSIOLOGY) , *FEMALES , *REPRODUCTION(PHYSIOLOGY) , HORMONES , AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS , XYLENES , RESPIRATION , JET ENGINE FUELS , EPIDEMIOLOGY , ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS , MENSTRUATION , EXHALATION.
Subject Categories : BIOCHEMISRTY
MEDICINE AND MEDICAL RESEARCH
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE