Accession Number : ADA349228
Title : Kinetics of Supercritical Water Oxidation. SERDP Compliance Technical Thrust Area
Descriptive Note : Quarterly rept. 1 Jan-31 Mar 96
Corporate Author : SANDIA NATIONAL LABS ALBUQUERQUE NM
Personal Author(s) : Rice, Steven F. ; Steeper, Richard R. ; Hanush, Russell G. ; Aiken, Jason D. ; Croiset, Eric
Report Date : 1996
Pagination or Media Count : 22
Abstract : This project consists of experiments and theoretical modeling designed to improve our understanding of the detailed chemical kinetics of supercritical water oxidation processes. The objective of the four-year project is to develop working models that accurately predict the oxidation rates and mechanisms for a variety of key organic species over the range of temperatures and pressures important for industrial applications. Our examination of reaction kinetics in supercritical water undertakes in situ measurements of reactants, intermediates, and products using optical spectroscopic techniques, primarily Raman spectroscopy. Our focus is to measure the primary oxidation steps that occur in the oxidation of methanol, higher alcohols, methylene chloride, aromatics, and some simple organic compounds containing nitro groups. We are placing special emphasis on identifying reaction steps that involve hydroxyl radicals, hydroperoxyl radicals, and hydrogen peroxide. The measurements are conducted in two optically accessible reactors located at Sandia's Combustion Research Facility (CRF), the supercritical flow reactor (SFR) and the supercritical constant volume reactor, designed to operate at temperatures and pressures up to 600 deg C and 500 MPa. The combination of these two reactors permits reaction rate measurements ranging from 0.15 to many hours.
Descriptors : *REACTION KINETICS , WATER , RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY , OXIDATION , SUPERCRITICAL FLOW , HYDROXYL RADICALS , HYDROGEN PEROXIDE.
Subject Categories : INDUSTRIAL CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL PROCESSING
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE