Accession Number : ADA322748


Title :   Japan's Battle of Okinawa, April-June 1945 (Leavenworth Papers, Number 18)


Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS COMBAT STUDIES INST


Personal Author(s) : Huber, Thomas M


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a322748.pdf


Report Date : May 1990


Pagination or Media Count : 160


Abstract : From April to June 1945, U.S. and Imperial Japanese Army (lJA) forces fought fiercely for control of the island of Okinawa. The Japanese Imperial General Headquarters (IGHO) had determined after U.S. strikes on Truk in February 1944 that sooner or later the Americans would seize Okinawa as a forward base for the invasion of Japan. The IJA 32d Army was established on Okinawa in March 1944 to forestall this eventuality and immediately faced the challenge of how to deal not only with superior numbers of U.S. troops but also with overwhelming American firepower by air, land, and sea. The 32d Army's innovative staff had one year in which to invent and implement a new form of underground warfare that would be proof against the Americans' abundant bombs and tanks. Their methods were devised in the field in defiance both of the IJA's traditional light infantry doctrine and of IGHO's preoccupation with air power.


Descriptors :   *BATTLES , *MILITARY HISTORY , AIR POWER , AMPHIBIOUS OPERATIONS , ARMY OPERATIONS , FIREPOWER , JAPAN , MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) , MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES) , MILITARY GEOGRAPHY , OFFICER PERSONNEL , OKINAWA , SECOND WORLD WAR , TACTICAL WARFARE


Subject Categories : Humanities and History
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE