Accession Number : ADA284499


Title :   Operational Performance of the U.S. 28th Infantry Division September to December 1944


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis, 2 Aug 1993-3 Jun 1994


Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS


Personal Author(s) : Holt, Jeffrey P


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a284499.pdf


Report Date : 03 Jun 1994


Pagination or Media Count : 185


Abstract : This study analyzes the operational performance of the 28th Infantry Division during a period of high intensity combat in the European Theater of Operations. The focus is on the difficulties the division experienced within its subordinate infantry units. Infantrymen, though comprising less than 40 percent of the division's total strength, absorbed almost 90 percent of all casualties. The high casualty rate within infantry units severely curtailed the operational performance of divisions in the U.S. Army force structure. This inadequacy forced divisions to remain in combat for excessive durations, greatly increasing battle and nonbattle casualties. The army's personnel system further contributed to the problems infantry divisions experienced within their infantry units. It failed to provide sufficient number of infantry replacements in a timely manner and there was widespread dissatisfaction with the quality of infantry replacements. This study shows that the U.S. Army failed to realize both the importance of infantry units to the war effort and the severity of combat on the modern battlefield. The result was an infantry force structure poorly designed to accomplish its wartime mission.


Descriptors :   *MILITARY HISTORY , *ARMY PERSONNEL , *INFANTRY , EUROPE , STRUCTURES , RATES , QUALITY , OPERATION , REPLACEMENT , ROTATION , WARTIME , BATTLES , ARMY OPERATIONS , ARMY , MILITARY FORCE LEVELS , HIGH INTENSITY , DIVISION LEVEL ORGANIZATIONS , PERSONNEL , MILITARY ORGANIZATIONS , CASUALTIES , MISSIONS , THESES , MORALE , BATTLEFIELDS , PERFORMANCE(HUMAN) , WARFARE


Subject Categories : Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Weapons Effects(biological)
      Military Forces and Organizations
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE