Accession Number : ADA277021


Title :   Orbit Transfer Rocket Engine Technology Program


Descriptive Note : Final rept. Jun 1983-May 1992


Corporate Author : ROCKWELL INTERNATIONAL CANOGA PARK CA ROCKETDYNE DIV


Personal Author(s) : Gustafson, N B ; Harmon, T J


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a277021.pdf


Report Date : 15 Oct 1993


Pagination or Media Count : 127


Abstract : An advanced near term (1990's) space-based Orbit Transfer Vehicle Engine (OTVE) system was designed, and the technologies applicable to its construction, maintenance, and operations were developed under Tasks A through F of the Orbit Transfer Rocket Engine Technology Program. Task A was a reporting task. In Task 8, promising OTV turbomachinery technologies were explored: two stage partial admission turbines, high velocity ratio diffusing crossovers, soft wear ring seals, advanced bearing concepts and a rotodynamic analysis. In Task C, a ribbed combustor design was developed. Possible rib and channel geometries were chosen analytically. Rib candidates were hot air tested and laser velocimeter boundary layer analyses were conducted. A channel geometry was also chosen on the basis of laser velocimeter data. To verify the predicted heat enhancement effects, a ribbed calorimeter spool was hot fire tested. Under Task D, the optimum expander cycle engine thrust, performance and envelope were established for a set of OTV missions. Optimal nozzle contours and quick disconnects for modularity were developed. Failure Modes and Effects Analyses, maintenance and reliability studies and component study results were incorporated into the engine system. Parametric trades on engine thrust, mixture ratio and area ratio were also generated. A control system and the health monitoring and maintenance operations necessary for a space-based engine were outlined in Task E.


Descriptors :   *ROCKET ENGINES , VELOCITY , MAINTENANCE , ORBITS , RATIOS , THICKNESS , CONTROL SYSTEMS , MONITORING , LAYERS , HEALTH , HIGH VELOCITY , AUGMENTATION , FAILURE , BOUNDARY LAYER , LASERS , CYCLES , HYDROGEN , MIXTURES , OXYGEN , COMBUSTORS , RELIABILITY , CONSTRUCTION , MISSIONS , WEAR , OPERATION , COMBUSTION CHAMBERS , NOZZLES , GEOMETRY , WALLS , TURBINES , IGNITION , TRANSITIONS , MONITORS , VEHICLES , BEARINGS , TRANSFER , VELOCIMETERS , RINGS , HEAT , THRUST , CHANNELS , TURBOMACHINERY , CHECKOUT PROCEDURES , LASER VELOCIMETERS , RIBS , CALORIMETERS , CONTOURS , SPACE BASED , BLOWDOWN


Subject Categories : Rocket Engines


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE