Accession Number : ADA267749


Title :   Risk of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Seroconversion in U.S. Navy Personnel Following Visits to Foreign Ports


Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1 Oct 1990-30 Sep 1991


Corporate Author : NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA


Personal Author(s) : Garland, F C ; Garland, C F ; Gorham, E D ; Miller, M R ; Cunnion, S O


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a267749.pdf


Report Date : 25 Mar 1991


Pagination or Media Count : 23


Abstract : The Navy visited over 680 foreign ports during 1986-1990 in all continents and many islands of the world. HIV (human immunodeficiency virus-I) seroprevalence rates vary widely worldwide, and are high in many areas visited by the Navy. The Naval Health Research Center in San Diego, California maintains records of all HIV ELISA and Western blot tests given in the Navy. These were used along with career histories and ship movement information to examine the relationship of visits to foreign ports with risk of HIV seropositivity and seroconversion. A total of 2,272 seropositive personnel, including 813 seroconverters, were matched to 20,325 seronegative active-duty controls on age, race, sex, occupation, home port, and year of test. The risk of HIV infection following visits to the 100 most frequently visited foreign ports was assessed. All visits to a port and total time in each port during the study period were examined. Estimated relative risks (odds ratios) of seropositivity and seroconversion associated with visits to foreign ports showed no ports associated with a statistically significant excess risk of HIV infection for Navy personnel.... Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), HIV Seroprevalence studies.


Descriptors :   *FOREIGN , *NAVAL PERSONNEL , *HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUSES , *ACQUIRED IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME , TEST AND EVALUATION , CONTROL , HEALTH , RATES , CAREERS , CALIFORNIA , RECORDS , ISLANDS , SEX , MEDICAL SERVICES , INFECTIOUS DISEASES , PERSONNEL , ACTIVE DUTY , TIME , NAVY , RATIOS , SHIPS , RISK


Subject Categories : Information Science
      Medicine and Medical Research


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE