Accession Number : ADA267651


Title :   Orographic Microbursts in a Severe Winter Windstorm


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis,


Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH


Personal Author(s) : Tucker, Zena A


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a267651.pdf


Report Date : Jan 1993


Pagination or Media Count : 52


Abstract : Orographic microbursts in a remarkable winter wind storm caused severe damage to the San Juan Islands and coastal regions of Washington State on December 28, 1990. The microbursts, associated with trapped lee mountain waves, produced winds in excess of 50 m/s on Guemes Island. The damage patterns of the tree fall and debris reveal small scale swaths and pockets of high winds similar to those patterns caused by convective downbursts. Analysis of large scale features reveal that an underlying cause of the strong winds was a strong pressure gradient behind an arctic front. The strong pressure gradient was due to cold air damming on the eastern slopes of the Canadian Coast and Cascade Mountains. Gap wind acceleration was noted over Puget Sound by the sharp boundary between the high speed jet of dry air emanating from the Fraser River Valley, a gap between the Coast and Cascade Mountains, and the ambient lower speed marine winds.


Descriptors :   *WIND , *GUSTS , *STORMS , *OROGRAPHY , COASTAL REGIONS , ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE , WIND VELOCITY , PACIFIC OCEAN , AIR WATER INTERACTIONS , CONVECTION(ATMOSPHERIC) , WASHINGTON(STATE) , DEW POINT , ISLANDS , MARINE CLIMATOLOGY , BAROMETRIC PRESSURE , MOUNTAINS , WINTER , THESES , DAMAGE


Subject Categories : Meteorology
      Geography


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE