Accession Number : ADA267467


Title :   Toxicity of Nitroguanidine, Nitroglycerin, Hexahydro-1,3,5-Trinitro-1,3,5-Triazine (RDX), and 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene (TNT) to Selected Freshwater Aquatic Organisms


Descriptive Note : Final rept. Nov 1987-Mar 1991


Corporate Author : MARYLAND UNIV COLLEGE PARK AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION


Personal Author(s) : Burton, Dennis T ; Turley, Steven D ; Peters, Gregory T


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a267467.pdf


Report Date : 01 Apr 1993


Pagination or Media Count : 261


Abstract : The primary objective of the study was to conduct the necessary toxicity tests to complete the existing data base for deriving U.S. EPA numerical water quality criteria for freshwater organisms exposed to nitroguanidine (NQ), nitroglycerin (NG), hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX), and 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT). A secondary objective of the study was to determine what effect photolysis may have on the toxicity of NQ and RDX. The acute toxicity of NQ was established for the hydra (Hydra littoralis), cladoceran (Ceriodaphnia dubia), rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), and fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas). The following NQ chronic tests were performed: 7-d cladoceran, 28-d ELS rainbow trout, and 28-d ELS fathead minnow. Photolyzed NQ was 100-fold more toxic to the cladoceran than the parent compound. NG acute toxicity was determined for the green alga (Selenastrum capriocornutum), hydra, cladoceran, midge (Paratanytarsus parthenogenticus), and fathead minnow. The following chronic tests were conducted with NG: 7-d cladoceran, 60-d ELS rainbow trout, and 28-d ELS fathead minnow. RDX acute toxicity was established for green alga, hydra, midge, cladoceran, and fathead minnow. The following chronic tests were conducted with RDX: 7-d cladoceran, Nitroguanidine, Nitroglycerin, Hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine(RDX), 2, 4,6-Trinitrotoluene(TNT), Acute toxicity, chronic toxicity, Photolysis, Selenastrum capricornutum, Lemna minor, Hydra littoralis, Paratanarsus partheno life cycle, and 28-d ELS fathead minnow. genticus, Ceriodaphnia dubia, Pimephales promelas, Oncorhynchus mykiss


Descriptors :   *TOXICITY , *FRESH WATER , *WATER QUALITY , *RDX , *TNT , *NITROGLYCERIN , *NITROGUANIDINE , *AQUATIC ORGANISMS , TEST AND EVALUATION , GREEN(COLOR) , FISHES , TROUT , MINNOWS , TRIAZINES , ALGAE , DIPTERA , ATMOSPHERIC REFRACTION , DATA BASES , QUALITY , LIFE CYCLES , CYCLES , SECONDARY , PHOTOLYSIS


Subject Categories : Toxicology
      Organic Chemistry
      Ammunition and Explosives
      Water Pollution and Control


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE