Accession Number : ADA267427


Title :   Cost and Financing of Operation Desert Shield


Corporate Author : GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC NATIONAL SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS DIV


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a267427.pdf


Report Date : Jan 1991


Pagination or Media Count : 16


Abstract : The total U.S. cost of Operation Desert Shield without any hostilities could exceed $130 billion in fiscal year 1991, assuming the forces now in place remain there throughout the fiscal year. This cost consists of three components. One is the baseline cost of the U.S. forces committed to Desert Shield, which is already provided for in the fiscal year 1991 budget. We estimate the cost of paying, equipping, and maintaining these forces to be nearly $100 billion in fiscal year 1991. These funds would be expended whether the troops were in the Middle East or elsewhere. A second component is the incremental cost of mounting the operation, including deploying the troops, calling up the reserves, and providing the required additional support for the forces. Estimates of this cost for more than 400,000 troops are in the $30 billion range for fiscal year 1991. The third component involves other related costs such as debt forgiveness for Egypt and humanitarian assistance. We estimate this cost to be about $7 billion. Should there be an armed conflict, others have estimated that expenditures could total hundreds of millions of dollars more per day, particularly in the early days of the conflict


Descriptors :   *MILITARY OPERATIONS , *COST ANALYSIS , *SAUDI ARABIA , IRAQ , FINANCE , COST ESTIMATES , KUWAIT


Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE