Accession Number : ADA266874


Title :   The Contribution of Intelligence to the Battles of Alam Halfa and El Alamein: August-November 1942


Descriptive Note : Final rept.


Corporate Author : NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI DEPT OF OPERATIONS


Personal Author(s) : Arbogast, Eugene R


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a266874.pdf


Report Date : 18 Jun 1993


Pagination or Media Count : 28


Abstract : The natural interchange between morale, leadership and creativity, to name a few, and intelligence during a military conflict makes the task of evaluating the impact of just one of those factors, in isolation from the others, difficult. Despite the fact that the precise impact of intelligence on military operations may be difficult to determine, the need for commanders and their intelligence staffs to understand how intelligence resources can best support the planning and conduct of military operations demands that historical case studies be undertaken within the modern framework of intelligence support to the operational level of war. The intelligence sources and methods used by the British against the Afrika Korps during the battles of Alam Halfa and El Alamein are now largely declassified, including the signals intelligence source, Ultra. The transformation of intelligence during the Second World War and Montgomery's use of it at the operational level was fundamental to surprising and deceiving Rommel in the Western Desert, and, in turn, avoiding surprise and deception of the Eighth Army. The British victories in the defensive battle of Alam Halfa and the offensive assault at El Alamein were in a large part due to the effective use of intelligence at the strategic and operational levels of war. Intelligence, Operational intelligence, Alam Halfa, El Alamein, Ultra, Second World War


Descriptors :   *MILITARY INTELLIGENCE , *MILITARY OPERATIONS , *INTELLIGENCE , LEADERSHIP , IMPACT , ASSAULT , MORALE , ISOLATION , CASE STUDIES , PLANNING , SIGNALS , OPERATION , RESOURCES , CONFLICT , ARMY , BATTLES , DECEPTION , CREATIVITY , TRANSFORMATIONS


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Humanities and History


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE