Accession Number : ADA266290


Title :   Experimental Evaluation of Camouflage Effectiveness in the Thermal Infrared (Experimentele Evaluatie van de Effectiviteit van Camouflage in het Thermische Infrarood)


Corporate Author : FYSISCH EN ELEKTRONISCH LAB TNO THE HAGUE (NETHERLANDS)


Personal Author(s) : Jacobs, P A


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a266290.pdf


Report Date : Mar 1993


Pagination or Media Count : 28


Abstract : The detectability of a target in the infrared spectral region is determined by differences between the radiative signatures of the target and the local background. This implies that both, the temperature difference Delta Tau, the emissivity difference Delta Epsilon and the distribution of these differences over the target area and the background, are of importance. Therefore camouflage measures have to address both issues in order to achieve maximum signature adaptation to the background. To determine the ability of a camouflage material to follow temperature changes in the background, measurements of camouflage and background temperatures have to be performed under a variety of meteorological conditions. Measurements of representative weather- and background conditions are needed to determine those situations, where the camouflage material effectively reduces the target signature. The degree of temperature reduction depends on the required level of protection, that is for detection, recognition and identification. Statistical analyses are given for various camouflage materials in relation to a number of background elements. Camouflage effectiveness is expressed in the percentage of time for which the apparent temperature contrast between the camouflage material and a background element is 1 deg C, 2 deg C or 5 deg C. Analyses are performed for five consecutive weeks of measurements in the spring, the summer and the winter, using data which were taken during a measurement campaign at Gilze Rijen air force base in 1990


Descriptors :   *TARGET SIGNATURES , *CAMOUFLAGE , TARGETS , METEOROLOGY , THERMAL TARGETS , INFRARED SPECTRA


Subject Categories : Optical Countermeasures
      Target Direction, Range and Position Finding


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE