Accession Number : ADA266012


Title :   Rotordynamic and Leakage Characteristics of a 4-Stage Brush Seal


Descriptive Note : Final rept. 30 Oct 1988-30 Aug 1992


Corporate Author : TEXAS A AND M UNIV COLLEGE STATION TURBOMACHINERY LABS


Personal Author(s) : Conner, K J ; Childs, D W


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a266012.pdf


Report Date : Dec 1992


Pagination or Media Count : 147


Abstract : Experimental results are presented for the direct and cross-coupled stiffness and damping coefficients as well as the leakage performance for a 4- stage brush seal. Variable test parameters include the inlet pressure, pressure ratio, shaft speed, fluid prerotation, and seal spacing. Direct damping is shown to increase with running speed; otherwise, the rotordynamic coefficients are relatively insensitive to changes in the test parameters. Cross-coupled stiffness is generally unchanged by increasing the inlet tangential velocity to the seals, suggesting that the brush seal is not affected by inlet swirl. Direct stiffness is shown to increase with frequency; however, the magnitudes of direct stiffness are always positive. Cross-coupled stiffness increases slightly with frequency; yet not as drastically as dire stiffness. Comparisons of test results for the 4-stage brush seal with an 8-cavity labyrinth showed superior rotordynamics performance for the brush seal; viz., large values for direct stiffness and lower values for the (destabilizing) cross-coupled stiffness coefficient. The damping for brush seals is smaller, but comparable to labyrinth seals. The whirl-frequency ratio is always smaller for the brush seal. Brush seal, Rotordynamics, Seal, Turbine.


Descriptors :   *LEAKAGE(FLUID) , *DAMPING , *BRUSHES , TEST AND EVALUATION , VELOCITY , FREQUENCY , CAVITIES , COEFFICIENTS , FLUIDS , VALUE , LABYRINTH SEALS , TURBOMACHINERY , SEALS(STOPPERS) , INLETS , TURBINES , PRESSURE , VARIABLES , RATIOS , PARAMETERS , COMPARISON , STIFFNESS


Subject Categories : Adhesives, Seals and Binders


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE