Accession Number : ADA265606
Title : Mediterranean Outflow Mixing Dynamics
Descriptive Note : Technical rept.
Corporate Author : WOODS HOLE OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTION MA
Personal Author(s) : Price, James F ; Baringer, Molly O ; Lueck, Rolf G ; Johnson, Gregory C ; Ambar, Isabel
Report Date : Feb 1993
Pagination or Media Count : 7
Abstract : The Mediterranean Sea produces a salty, dense outflow that is strongly modified by entrainment as it first begins to descend the continental slope in the eastern Gulf of Cadiz. The current accelerates to 1.3 meters per second, which raises the internal Froude number above 1, and is intensely turbulent through its full thickness. The outflow loses about half of its density anomaly and roughly doubles its volume transport as it entrains less saline North Atlantic Central water. Within 1 00 kilometers downstream, the current is turned by the Coriolis force until it flows nearly parallel to topography in a damped geostrophic balance. The mixed Mediterranean outflow continues westward, slowly descending the continental slope until it becomes neutrally buoyant in the thermocline where it becomes an important water mass.
Descriptors : *OCEAN CURRENTS , *CURRENT DENSITY , *CONTINENTAL SLOPES , ANOMALIES , REPRINTS , DENSITY , MIXING , MEDITERRANEAN SEA , THERMOCLINES , NORTH ATLANTIC CURRENT , FROUDE NUMBER , ENTRAINMENT , OCEANS , TRANSPORT , TOPOGRAPHY , THICKNESS , GULFS , WATER FLOW
Subject Categories : Physical and Dynamic Oceanography
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE