Accession Number : ADA264520


Title :   Lipospheres as a Vaccine Carrier System: Effects of Size, Charge, and Phospholipid Composition


Corporate Author : WALTER REED ARMY INST OF RESEARCH WASHINGTON DC


Personal Author(s) : Amselem, Shimon ; Domb, Abraham J ; Alving, Carl R


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a264520.pdf


Report Date : Jan 1992


Pagination or Media Count : 14


Abstract : This study describes a new fat-based vehicle (liposphere) that has been developed as a carrier for vaccines. Manufacture of lipospheres is accomplished by gently melting neutral fat in the presence of phospholipid and antigen, and then dispersing the melted mixture in an aqueous suspension by vigorous shaking. Upon cooling of this mixture a phospholipid-stabilized solid hydrophobic fat core containing antigen forms spontaneously. A typical composition of the lipid phase of the lipospheres consists of a neutral fat, such as tristearin or ethylstearate, and a phospholipid such as lecithin. A recombinant malaria antigen, R32NS 1, containing epitopes derived from the circumsporozoite protein of Plasmodium falciparum, was incorporated in lipospheres together with lipid A as an adjuvant. After intramuscular injection of the formulation in rabbits, high levels of specific IgG antibodies to the antigen were still present 12 weeks after primary immunization. Several chemical and physical parameters that might be expected to influence the liposphere vaccine formulation were investigated. The particle size distribution of lipospheres depended on the fat to phospholipid (F/PL) molar ratio, and the immune response to liposphere-encapsulated R32NSI was also dependent on the F/PL ratio. For F/PL ratios of or = 0.75 most of the lipospheres had an average diameter of less than 10 micrometers, while at F/PL ratios of or = 2.5 approximately 80 % of the particles had an average size of 73 micrometers. Among the ratios tested, a maximal level of IgG antibody production was obtained at a F/PL ratio of 0.75, while at larger ratios decreased antibody production was observed. The effects of antigen dose and phospholipid composition were also examined.


Descriptors :   *IMMUNIZATION , *VACCINES , *PHOSPHOLIPIDS , REPRINTS , DIAMETERS , PARTICLE SIZE , RATIOS , DISPERSING , CORES , PRODUCTION , DISTRIBUTION , NEUTRAL , PARAMETERS , LIPIDS , LIPOSOMES , PROTEINS , FORMULATIONS , SOLIDS , PHASE , MIXTURES , LECITHIN , SERUM GLOBULIN , MICROMETERS , SHAKING , IMMUNOGLOBULINS , PHOSPHATES , RABBITS , ANTIMALARIALS , RESPONSE , MELTING , ANTIBODIES , FATS , INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTIONS , MONOCLONAL ANTIBODIES , PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM , ANTIGENS


Subject Categories : Biochemistry
      Medicine and Medical Research


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE