Accession Number : ADA264185


Title :   Critical German Submarine Operations Versus Allied Convoys During March 1943: An Operational Analysis


Descriptive Note : Final rept.,


Corporate Author : NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI


Personal Author(s) : Grooms, Bruce E


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a264185.pdf


Report Date : 18 Jun 1993


Pagination or Media Count : 46


Abstract : German submarine operations against allied convoys, during March 1943 is critically analyzed from an operational perspective. The theater commander's operational scheme is dissected for the purpose of identifying lessons which can be applied to the planning and execution of today's theater operations. A brief historical account of the early phases of the war and the events and decisions which preceded the critical convoy battles will be followed by an analysis of the operational scheme employed by Admiral Doenitz. German victory during the spring offensive clearly demonstrated numerous operational successes, a reasonably well conceived operational plan, and proof positive of the potential for a larger scale victory, yet history recorded Germany's ultimate defeat in the Battle of the Atlantic. This analysis identified three significant flaws which led to the German demise; first, strategic guidance and operational means were inadequately reconciled.... Operational anlaysis, German U-Boats in Atlantic during March 1943.


Descriptors :   *SUBMARINES , *SHIP CONVOYS , PHASE , SCALE , PLANNING , HISTORY , OPERATION , GERMANY , GUIDANCE , BOATS , BATTLES


Subject Categories : Submarine Engineering


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE