Accession Number : ADA263134


Title :   Nutritional Needs in Hot Environments-Applications for Military Personnel in Field Operations


Corporate Author : NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES WASHINGTON DC


Personal Author(s) : Marriott, Bernadette M


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a263134.pdf


Report Date : 01 Apr 1993


Pagination or Media Count : 375


Abstract : The Committee on Military Nutrition Research (CMNR) of the Food and Nutrition Board (FNB), Institute of Medicine (IOM), National Academy of Sciences (NAS), was asked by the Division of Military Nutrition, U.S. Army Institute of Environmental Medicine (USARIEM), U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command (USARMRDC), to review current research pertaining to nutrient requirements for working in hot environments and to comment on how this information might be applied to military nutrient standards and military rations. The committee was thus tasked with providing a thorough review of the literature in this area and with interpreting these diverse data in terms of military applications. In addition to a focus on specific nutrient needs in hot climates, the committee was asked to consider factors that might change food intake patterns and therefore overall calories. The CMNR was presented with this problem as a direct result of the movement of the Armed Forces into Saudi Arabia in Operation Desert Shield in the autumn of 1990; the committee was organizing the workshop that resulted in this report while the American Armed Forces were actively engaged in Operation Desert Storm in early 1991. Although concern for adequate nutrition for U.S. soldiers in Saudi Arabia prompted the initiation of this project, its scope was defined as including the nutrient needs of individuals who may be actively working in both hot-dry and hot-moist climates.


Descriptors :   *MILITARY PERSONNEL , *NUTRITION , MILITARY HISTORY , PERFORMANCE(HUMAN) , SKIN(ANATOMY) , HEALTH PHYSICS , BODY TEMPERATURE , HEAT TOLERANCE , EXERCISE(PHYSIOLOGY) , HEAT STRESS(PHYSIOLOGY) , CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM , HIGH TEMPERATURE , MILITARY MEDICINE , DIET


Subject Categories : Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Medicine and Medical Research
      Stress Physiology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE