Accession Number : ADA262575


Title :   Visual Cue Requirements for Target Orientation Assessment in Air Combat Simulation


Descriptive Note : Final rept. May 89-Dec 91


Corporate Author : DAYTON UNIV OH RESEARCH INST


Personal Author(s) : Warner, Harold D ; Hubbard, David C ; Serfoss, Gary L


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a262575.pdf


Report Date : Mar 1993


Pagination or Media Count : 121


Abstract : The primary objective of this investigation was to determine the visual cues pilots use in air-to-air combat engagements in order to specify the level of detail required for flight simulator training. Fighter pilots were presented 35mm slide images of 1/48-scale model target aircraft, and the pilots indicated the spatial orientation of the targets and specified the visual cues they used to determine orientation. The independent variables were: target orientation, target type, target distance, pilot experience, and pilot's own aircraft type. Eleven target cues were predominantly used, and the frequency of use varied as a function of target orientation, type, and distance. Orientation recognition accuracy was also evaluated and it was also influenced by target orientation, type, and distance. Differences in pilot experience and pilot's own aircraft type had little or no effect on response accuracy. When the orientations were not clearly discernible, the pilots often indicated the orientations that would most likely -occur in air combat training. Additionally, the pilots often specified the illusory reverse target orientation.... Air combat, Flight simulation, Visual cues, Air-to-air combat, Flight simulators, Visual systems, Aspect angle, Target orientation.


Descriptors :   *VISUAL PERCEPTION , *FLIGHT SIMULATION , *CUEING , *VISUAL AIDS , FREQUENCY , SIMULATORS , FUNCTIONS , SIMULATION , WARFARE , AIRCRAFT , SCALE MODELS , MODELS , FLIGHT TRAINING , PILOTS , ACCURACY , VARIABLES , FLIGHT , RESPONSE , SCALE , IMAGES , RECOGNITION , FLIGHT SIMULATORS , AIR TO AIR , ASPECT ANGLE


Subject Categories : Psychology
      Target Direction, Range and Position Finding


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE