Accession Number : ADA262104


Title :   Learning and Individual Differences: An Ability/Information - Processing Framework for Skill Acquisition


Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1 Aug 1989-31 Jan 1993


Corporate Author : MINNESOTA UNIV MINNEAPOLIS DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY


Personal Author(s) : Ackerman, Phillip L


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a262104.pdf


Report Date : 15 Mar 1993


Pagination or Media Count : 61


Abstract : This final report reviews a program of theoretical and empirical research focusing on the ability determinants of individual differences in skill acquisition. An integrative framework for information processing and cognitive ability determinants of skills is reviewed, along with principles for ability- skill relations. In addition to a review of previous theory and data, experimental manipulations are used to evaluate the cognitive ability demands associated with information processing parameters of skilled performance. Experiments described here include basic information processing (noun-pair lookup task) and complex problem solving decision making (terminal radar approach control simulation task -- TRACON). Generalization and applications to the public sector (development of an ability-based selection battery for Federal Aviation Administration air traffic controllers) is described briefly. Finally, new theoretical and empirical developments regarding the construct of intelligence-as-typical-performance, and general personality-ability relations are described.


Descriptors :   *SIMULATION , *COGNITION , *AIR TRAFFIC , *AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLERS , *MENTAL ABILITY , *INFORMATION PROCESSING , *INTELLIGENCE(HUMANS) , DECISION MAKING , MANAGEMENT , SKILLS , RADAR , RADAR EQUIPMENT , ADDITION , TERMINALS , INDIVIDUALIZED TRAINING , PERSONALITY , SELECTION , LEARNING , NAVAL RESEARCH , PROBLEM SOLVING , THEORY , JOB TRAINING , TRAINING DEVICES , AIR


Subject Categories : Terminal Flight Facilities
      Psychology
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE