Accession Number : ADA262044
Title : Earth Observation from Space: Competition or Cooperation?
Descriptive Note : Research rept. Aug 1991-Apr 1992,
Corporate Author : INDUSTRIAL COLL OF THE ARMED FORCES WASHINGTON DC
Personal Author(s) : Oberthaler, David P
Report Date : Apr 1992
Pagination or Media Count : 36
Abstract : The purpose of this paper is to examine how the United States should balance its international cooperation and competition as it pertains to earth observations or remote sensing from space. Earth observations or remote sensing includes all forms of observation by sensors borne by a space object including visual, optical or any form of radiometrically produced images and any measurements taken of the earth's surface, its atmosphere or its weather systems. The capabilities of remote sensing are as varied as the sensors that are built and put in orbit, but capabilities fall into two general categories; imagery and measurement. Imagery includes visible light photography, infrared photography, and radar images of the earth's surface. Imagery also has the broadest application cutting across scientific, economic and national security lines. Accurate and detailed images of the earth's surface can be produced through cameras, radar, and specialized scanners to improve the accuracy of maps, observe and assist in weather reporting and prediction, assess the impact of man on his environment, and assess the status of crops and natural resources. Measurement accomplished using remote sensing has largely scientific applications including the production of data on the chemical composition of the earth's atmosphere, measurement of radiation, and precise measurement of landmass position and movement. This data contributes to the study of the earth, its environment, and can be used as a predictor of future change.
Descriptors : *DETECTORS , *REMOTE DETECTION , *SPACE BASED , MEASUREMENT , UNITED STATES , SATELLITE IMAGERY , ARTIFICIAL SATELLITES , OBSERVATION , POLICIES
Subject Categories : Cartography and Aerial Photography
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE