Accession Number : ADA261792


Title :   Halogen Adlayers on Ag(111)


Descriptive Note : Technical rept. no. 17, 30 Jun 1992-31 Mar 1993


Corporate Author : MINNESOTA UNIV MINNEAPOLIS DEPT OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING AND MATERIALS SCIENCE


Personal Author(s) : Schott, Joachim H ; White, Henry S


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a261792.pdf


Report Date : 20 Mar 1993


Pagination or Media Count : 24


Abstract : Atomically smooth halogen adlayers on Ag(111) (AgX, where X = I, Br, Cl and F) have been prepared by quenching of heated Ag samples in concentrated acid halide (HX) solutions. The AgX adlayers are chemically stable in air for several hours, allowing detailed characterization of the adlayer atomic structures by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). STM images of I adlayers are consistent with a nearly perfect square root of 3 x square root of 3/R30 structure; F, Cl and Br adlayers, however, are characterized by a parallel double row structure of adsorbed halogen atoms, oriented along the (110) direction on the Ag(111) substrate. The row structure observed by STM for Cl and Br adlayers is shown to be consistent with low-energy-electron-diffraction (LEED) patterns, but inconsistent with the corresponding structures derived from LEED. The degree of symmetry in the various adlayers decreases with increasing adatom electronegativity, indicating that the local charge distribution around the adlayer atom, and its size, are the controlling factors in determining the adlayer structure.


Descriptors :   *SILVER , *HALOGENS , SCANNING , STABILITY , LAYERS , ADSORPTION , ELECTROCHEMISTRY , SUBSTRATES , QUENCHING , HEAT TREATMENT , MICROSCOPY , SURFACES , LOW ENERGY , FLUORINE , SYMMETRY , HALIDES , CHARGE TRANSFER , TUNNELING , ELECTRON DIFFRACTION , ATOMIC STRUCTURE , ACIDS , CHLORINE , BROMINE


Subject Categories : Inorganic Chemistry
      Physical Chemistry
      Electricity and Magnetism
      Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE