Accession Number : ADA261454


Title :   Development and Testing of Improved Techniques for Modeling the Hydrologic Cycle in a Mesoscale Weather Prediction System


Descriptive Note : Annual technical rept. 15 Dec 1991-14 Dec 1992


Corporate Author : PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIV UNIVERSITY PARK DEPT OF METEOROLOGY


Personal Author(s) : Warner, Thomas ; Carlson, Toby N ; Fritsch, J M


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a261454.pdf


Report Date : Jan 1993


Pagination or Media Count : 11


Abstract : Soil-water content is the single most important land-surface variable in atmospheric prediction models. Sophisticated surface physics-soil hydrology parameterization schemes are beginning to be used in mesoscale weather prediction models; however, soil-water content is not measured over large enough areas on a regular basis where it could provide suitable initial conditions for those models. Therefore, the initialization of the soil-water content profile has to depend on a knowledge of the hydrological balance of the soil in the area represented by each mesoscale-model grid point. In turn, this information must be obtained from a knowledge of the precipitation, evaporation, and substrate recharge from the water table. We have undertaken the task to develop a systematic means for providing initial values of the soil-water-content profile for the Penn State/NCAR Mesoscale Model (Anthes and Warner, 1978). This task is composed of three phases. The first phase is to develop an off line, one- dimensional hydrological model that is driven by conventional meteorological, soil and vegetation data. The second phase is to develop the database to drive the hydrological model in a form that is compatible with the surface physics- soil hydrology parameterization scheme utilized in the mesoscale model (i.e., the Biosphere-Atmosphere Transfer Scheme (BATS), described by Dickinson et al. (1986). The last phase consists of generating an automated update of the soil- water content profile at each of the mesoscale-model grid points.


Descriptors :   *WEATHER FORECASTING , *MOISTURE CONTENT , DATA BASES , WEATHER , MODELS , WATER , SURFACES , PROFILES , EVAPORATION , WATER TABLE , ATMOSPHERE MODELS , TIME DOMAIN , VEGETATION , ATMOSPHERIC PRECIPITATION , SOILS , HYDROLOGY , ONE DIMENSIONAL , GRIDS , SUBSTRATES , TERRAIN


Subject Categories : Meteorology
      Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE