Accession Number : ADA261065


Title :   Interaction of 02 with the Fe.84 Cr.16 (001) Surface Studied by Photoelectron Spectroscopy


Corporate Author : AEROSPACE CORP EL SEGUNDO CA TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS


Personal Author(s) : Lince, Jeffrey R ; Didziulis, Stephen V ; Shuh, D K ; Durbin, T D ; Yarmoff, J A


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a261065.pdf


Report Date : 15 Jul 1992


Pagination or Media Count : 42


Abstract : The surface oxidation of a steel-like alloy was investigated to help determine how the efficiency of lubricant additives such as lead naphthenate might be affected by the chemical state of a high-Cr steel bearing surface. Soft X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (SXPS; hv = 130 - 600 eV) employing synchrotron radiation and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS; hv= 1486.6 eV) employing Al-K alpha X rays were used to study the effect of molecular oxygen adsorption (1 to 10(exp 4( L, where 1L triple bonds 10(exp-6) Torr-sec) on the (001) surface of Fe sub .84 Cr sub .16 at room temperature. The use of multiple photon energies allowed a qualitative determination of the distribution of species in the oxide film perpendicular to the surface. Prior to oxidation, Fe sub .84 Cr sub .16 samples were annealed to different temperatures to produce varying concentrations of Cr in the top few monolayers of the (001) surface. The differences between the oxide films produced on these different surfaces were determined with SXPS using primarily the Fe 3p, Cr 3p, and valence levels. Small amounts of carbidic carbon (less than or equal to 1 monolayer) that had segregated to the (001) surface of the Fe sub .84 Cr sub .16 alloy during initial sputter/anneal treatments were removed during the first approx. 5 L 02 exposure. In general, the resistance of the Fe sub .84 Cr sub .16(001) surface to oxidation was directly related to the initial Cr concentration at the surface. The oxide films were richer in Cr compared to the bulk concentration for the lowest 02 exposures, and became increasingly enriched in Fe for increasing exposures, in agreement with studies by other groups. The resulting mixed Fe-Cr-O film contained Cr in the form of Cr(3+) for all exposures.


Descriptors :   *INTERACTIONS , *ALLOYS , *STEEL , *OXYGEN , *CHROMIUM , *X RAY PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY , *IRON , RADIATION , TEMPERATURE , ANNEALING , TRANSITION METALS , LAYERS , RESISTANCE , FILMS , CARBON , VALENCE , ADDITIVES , PHOTONS , SOFT X RAYS , OXIDES , OXIDATION , SURFACES , ROOM TEMPERATURE , X RAYS , LUBRICANT ADDITIVES , SYNCHROTRONS , SYNCHROTRON RADIATION , PHOTOELECTRONS , CONCENTRATION(CHEMISTRY) , LUBRICANTS , DETERMINATION , SPUTTERING , AGREEMENTS , BEARINGS , LEAD COMPOUNDS , EFFICIENCY , ENERGY , ADSORPTION , CHEMICALS , SPECTROSCOPY , MOLECULAR STATES , DISTRIBUTION


Subject Categories : Physical Chemistry
      Metallurgy and Metallography
      Lubricants and Hydraulic Fluids
      Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE