Accession Number : ADA260103


Title :   On the Shifter Hypothesis for the Elimination of Motion Blur


Descriptive Note : Memorandum rept.


Corporate Author : MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LAB


Personal Author(s) : Fahle, Manfred


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a260103.pdf


Report Date : Aug 1990


Pagination or Media Count : 15


Abstract : Objects moving at even moderate speeds stimulate many retinal photoreceptors within the integration time of the receptors, yet usually no motion blur is experienced. An elegant model for the elimination of motion blur was proposed by Anderson and vanEssen (1987) who suggested that the neuronal representation of the retinal image is shifted on its way to the cortex, in an opposite direction to the motion. Thus, the cortical representation of objects would be stationary at least during short periods of time. I have measured thresholds for two vernier stimuli, moving simultaneously into opposite directions over identical parts of the retina. Motion blur for these stimuli is not stronger than with a single moving stimulus, and thresholds can be below a photoreceptor diameter. This result cannot be easily reconciled with the hypothesis of shifter circuits.


Descriptors :   *COMPUTER VISION , *RETINA , *VISUAL PERCEPTION , *STIMULI , *IMAGE MOTION COMPENSATION , *VISUAL CORTEX , VELOCITY , IMAGE PROCESSING , PSYCHOPHYSICS , THRESHOLDS(PHYSIOLOGY) , MODELS , INTEGRATION , SHIFTING , STATIONARY , ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE


Subject Categories : Psychology
      Anatomy and Physiology
      Cybernetics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE