Accession Number : ADA260069
Title : Distance Metric between 3D Models and 2D Images for Recognition and Classification
Descriptive Note : Memorandum rept.
Corporate Author : MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LAB
Personal Author(s) : Basri, Ronen ; Weinshall, Daphna
Report Date : Jul 1992
Pagination or Media Count : 36
Abstract : Similarity measurements between 3D objects and 2D images are useful for the tasks of object recognition and classification. We distinguish between two types of similarity metrics: metrics computed in image-space (image metrics) and metrics computed in transformation- space (transformation metrics). Existing methods typically use image metrics; namely, metrics that measure the difference in the image between the observed image and the nearest view of the object. Example for such a measure is the Euclidean distance between feature points in the image and their corresponding points in the nearest view. (Computing this measure is equivalent to solving the exterior orientation calibration problem.) In this paper we introduce a different type of metrics: transformation metrics. These metrics penalize for the deformations applied to the object to produce the observed image. We present a transformation metric that optimally penalizes for affine deformations under weak-perspective. A closed-form solution, together with the nearest view according to this metric, are derived. The metric is shown to be equivalent to the Euclidean image metric, in the sense that they bound each other from both above and below. For the Euclidean image metric we offer a sub- optimal closed-form solution and an iterative scheme to compute the exact solution.
Descriptors : *IMAGE PROCESSING , *TARGET RECOGNITION , *ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE , MEASUREMENT , CALIBRATION , TARGET CLASSIFICATION , CLASSIFICATION , IMAGES , DEFORMATION
Subject Categories : Cybernetics
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE