Accession Number : ADA260042


Title :   Inactivation of Pathogenic Microorganisms in Infectious Medical Waste. A Literature Review of Current On-Site Treatment Technologies.


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis,


Corporate Author : WASHINGTON UNIV SEATTLE DEPT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING


Personal Author(s) : DiDomenico, Anthony


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a260042.pdf


Report Date : Jan 1992


Pagination or Media Count : 81


Abstract : The objective of this research paper was to enable me to understand the principles of microbial destruction and inactivation that occurs during the treatment of infectious medical waste. Upon completion of my MSCE program I will be assigned as the Environmental Facilities officer for the Bureau of Naval Medicine and Surgery in Washington, DC. My job description includes planning, programming, and execution of environmental compliance projects unique to Navy and Marine Corps health care facilities worldwide. Therefore, a basic understanding of microbial sterilization and disinfection principles will provide me with the tools necessary to recommend capital equipment purchases and assist in the development of infectious waste treatment programs. My approach during this research project was to ensure that I understood the basic mechanisms responsible for inactivation of the microbial cell prior to comparing the treatment technologies available. With this completed, I was then capable of objectively reviewing the manufacturer's literature which supported their particular technology. I decided to review only on-site infectious waste treatment systems that were currently in full-scale operation at health care facilities. This resulted in narrowing the review to steam sterilization, mechanical/chemical and microwave disinfection, and on-site incineration systems. Additionally, I decided to take this opportunity while at graduate school to focus on the technical issues surrounding this topic. My continued career path as a facilities engineer/manager in the Navy Civil Engineer Corps will allow me to complement this paper with the details of federal and state infectious waste regulations.


Descriptors :   *WASTE TREATMENT , *PATHOGENIC MICROORGANISMS , JOBS , ENVIRONMENTS , LITERATURE SURVEYS , INACTIVATION , HAZARDOUS WASTES , INFECTIOUS DISEASES , HEALTH CARE FACILITIES , HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUSES


Subject Categories : Microbiology
      Solid Wastes Pollution and Control


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE