Accession Number : ADA260019


Title :   Permissive Planning: A Machine-Learning Approach to Planning in Complex Real-World Domains


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : ILLINOIS UNIV AT URBANA-CHAMAPIGN


Personal Author(s) : Bennett, Scott W


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a260019.pdf


Report Date : Jan 1993


Pagination or Media Count : 129


Abstract : Classical planning techniques have some serious problems when employed in real-world domains. In classical planning, it is assumed we know the current state of the world and can project that state through a reasonably well- defined set of actions to yield a future state. However, perfect models of the world and of operators are not possible in most domains. Consequently, discrepancies occur between the projected future state and the observed future state. In these complex domains, the success of the plan can never be guaranteed. Furthermore, an important tradeoff exists between the time spent constructing a plan and its resulting chance of success. Several approaches to these problems have been investigated, including the use of decision-theoretic methods and the incorporation of reactivity into planners. We present a new technique called permissive planning. Explicit approximations are employed in representing the world state and operators. Plans are then constructed efficiently using the approximate theory. In response to plan execution failures, plans are refined so they become less sensitive to the approximate knowledge used in their initial construction. This is achieved by tuning parameters of the plan so as to minimize the expected future deviation. Each permissive plan has a target success rate and a degree of confidence desired in that success rate. We present a formal permissive planning algorithm which can be shown to either produce a plan with the desired success rate and degree of confidence, if possible, or otherwise to return the plan failing short of the target but with the best possible success rate.


Descriptors :   *ALGORITHMS , *PLANNING , MODELS , PARAMETERS , THEORY , FAILURE , RATES , YIELD , SYSTEMS APPROACH , TRAYS , TRADE OFF ANALYSIS , TUNING , DECISION THEORY , REACTIVITIES , TARGETS , TIME , CONSTRUCTION , RESPONSE


Subject Categories : Cybernetics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE